Mapa dos ConflitosMapa dos Conflitos

Map of Conflict – a decade of violence and land injustice in Brazil’s Legal Amazon

The Legal Amazon

The Map of Conflict focuses on Brazil’s ‘Legal Amazon’ region, an area covering over five million square kilometres, two-thirds of the country. This includes the states of Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia, Pará, Amapá, Acre, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, and part of Maranhão. The Legal Amazon was the location of 55% of land conflicts in Brazil between 2011 and 2020.

The last decade in the Amazon


+ than 300 killings

+ than 2.000 victims

+ than 100.000 families affected

+ than 7.000 instances of conflict

9 states e 583 municipalities affected

Map of Conflict

Browse using the filters and see how rural conflicts are linked to deforestation, wildfires, mining, water, agrotoxins, violence, and inequality. See below what each filter represents.


The occurrences of rural conflicts are collected annually by the CPT and systematized by the Dom Tomás Balduino Documentation Center – CEDOC.


The fires are measured by INPE. This filter shows the number of fires per municipality, adjusted by land area.


The higher the score, the greater the deforestation in the municipality, as measured by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). The score is adjusted for the land area of the municipality.


The filter shows the number of recorded cases of poisoning due to toxins used in agriculture. Poisoning may be caused by accidents in the handling of these chemicals, in a work setting, or as a result of spraying.


Here we compare data which show the quality of life of the population, based on the Municipal Human Development Index (IDH-M): life expectancy, years of schooling, and per capita income.


To use water from rivers, lakes, and other sources for purposes of agriculture and industry, concessions must be obtained from government. This filter shows the number of concessions granted for water use by municipality.


To carry out legal mining operations, requests are filed with the National Mining Agency (ANM). This filter shows the number of these requests by municipality, adjusted for land area.


The filter shows the number of hospitalizations due to violence of various kinds. The score is adjusted for the size of the municipal population.

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